Part of the Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) family. Emissions of Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) have increased by around 20% across the EU between 2003 and 2012, mainly as a result of commercial, institutional and household fuel combustion (EEA, 2014).
Linked to increased levels of white blood cell DNA adducts, which correspond to DNA damage (IARC, 2013), Rare sarcomas (Charbotel et al., 2014) and bladder cancer (Ferrís et al., 2013).
Toxic to birds and aquatic life. Bioaccumulates, particularly in invertebrates (EEA 2014).